Vector vs Raster Data in Urban Planning

Because vectors can be easily converted to raster, there’s no real situation when you can’t use vector graphics if the situation (and client) permits. You can identify a vector image by looking at its edges — a vector image will always appear smooth no matter how large you make it or how close you zoom in. No matter how much you increase a font’s size, for example, its look never changes. For example’s sake, let’s say you have a logo that needs to be constantly resized for different purposes, or a graphic that consists of solid colors and simple shapes.

When viewed as an individual dot, it’s just a color; but when viewed as a whole, the colored dots make up a vivid and detailed painting. The pixels in a raster image work in the same manner, which provides for rich details and pixel-by-pixel editing. Rasterizing raster and vector graphics difference an image changes the file from a vector format to a raster-based image. A rasterized image will no longer be composed of vector paths and curves, but will be made up of pixels, and you won’t be able to edit it using vector editing software.

File types

Raster images are compiled using pixels, or tiny dots, containing unique color and tonal information that come together to create the image. If you’re new to the study of design you may still be fuzzy on the difference between vector graphics and raster graphics. In fact, sometimes the explanation of the difference can feel more complicated than the question! However, today we’ll banish confusion forever as we explain the difference between vector graphics and raster graphics in a way that’s easy to understand. Raster images are capable of rendering complex, multi-colored visuals, including soft color gradients.

raster and vector difference

That is because raster files include information about each pixel in the graphic. Compression techniques can mitigate this issue, although if space is a major concern these graphics may present you with a challenge. Typical raster graphic file formats include .bmp, .gif, .jpeg, .jpg, .png, .psd, and .tif. The main difference between vector and raster graphics is that raster graphics are composed of pixels, while vector graphics are composed of paths. A raster graphic, such as a gif or jpeg, is an array of pixels of various colors, which together form an image.

Pros and Cons of Raster Graphics

Any of the lines and curves in the image can be assigned a color value. Because of this defined, formulaic approach to drawing, each image can be sized and scaled repeatedly and limitlessly without losing resolution or beginning to look cloudy or pixelated. A raster or bitmap image is a two-dimensional digital file made up of pixels typically used to capture detailed graphics or digital photos. Raster visuals are usually defined by image width and height in pixels and by the number of bits per pixel, e.g., 640x480px. As raster images are pixel-based visuals, their quality depends on the number of pixels stored in the file.

raster and vector difference

As vector images are composed of mathematically-defined points, every change in color or tone would require you to create a new line, point, curve, and equation. A skilled designer using the best graphics design software can work wonders with a vector image. However, in terms of elements such as gradient, tone, color, and shadows, a vector image can never truly compare to what a raster image can offer.

The Details of Raster Images

Though both types of images can be edited to reduce their size, vector file types will generally take up less space on your hard drive. Most companies create all of their logos and insignia as vector images. These files are saved and are used as the basis for raster copies that get used in print and web publishing. Keeping a nice library of vector images can save you time because of the ability to resize on the fly. Whatever your design needs are, use vector and raster graphics based on this comprehensive guide. Choosing the right medium for each file format can help you and your team work more efficiently while also producing high-quality designs for your clients.

raster and vector difference

This is because raster images are resolution-dependent, meaning that the quality of the image depends on its resolution or the number of pixels per inch. Every pixel in a raster image can be a different color creating a complex image with all kinds of color and variations. Raster graphics, also called bitmap graphics, a type of digital image that uses tiny rectangular pixels, or picture elements, arranged in a grid formation to represent an image.

raster and vector difference

The main disadvantages are that vector graphics demand professional design software and the ability to use it. It’ll be more flexible for scaling, easier to edit, and you won’t have to worry about the resolution being high enough for print (vector images have infinite resolution). Raster images are made up of many pixels, which are tiny blocks of color. Each individual pixel is so small that the image looks clear when you’re seeing it at its intended size. If you increase the dimensions of the image, you’ll notice the pixels and the blocks will become much more obvious. With many different graphic file types available, choosing the right one is an important part of the design process.

  • She is good at providing simple guides to use various video, office and entertainment software.
  • And, when these images are uploaded online, the end result is a raster image.
  • They’re more flexible as each shape is separate and you can scale up and down as much as you like, but it’s harder to make the images look natural.
  • Vector graphics are often used for logos and illustrations, while raster graphics are often used for photos and other real-world objects.
  • Often these files are saved as low resolutions and are not suitable for print reproduction.
  • Aside from providing the ability to scale up in size without losing quality, vectors also provide more flexibility.

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